The age which succeeded in the old stone age or Paleolithic age has been termed as the Mesolithic age. It is Also known as Microlithic age, being an intermediate or transitional age between the Paleolithic and Neolithic age, The Geologists and the Archaeologists have put this age between
8000B.C and 4000B.C.
The Mesolithic period is technologically characterized by Microliths or small pointed and sharp stone tools. Adamgarh Madhya Pradesh and Bagar in Rajasthan provides the earliest evidence for the domestication of animals like cow, horse, and other poultry and farm animals. Sites like Bhimbetka, Adamgarh, Patap-garh, and Mirzapur are rich in Mesolithic art and Paintings.
The main characteristics of Mesolithic age are as under:
Tools and Implements: These people continued the use of stone tools of the Paleolithic period. However, they added some tools made of bones and ivory. But tools made by them were quite small in size (microliths). They used the top like knives, blade, chisels. spares, daggers, burins etc made of stone and bones.
Food and Dress:-Their food included both meat and vegetal food. They were hunters and food gatherers. Their food comprised of wild Fruits, fish, honey, tortoise, dear, reindeer, wild roots. Mesolithic people used the skin of hunted animals like the Paleolithic people to cover the body.
Houses: they still dwelled in the ordinary houses of branches and grass and caves.
Religion: Nothing can be said with authority regarding the religion of Mesolithic people. However, the crouching posture of the skeleton discovered that they buried their dead bodies in red ocher.
Art: Numerous paintings of man and animals are found during the Mesolithic period. These paintings reflecting various human activities like hunting, fishing, sexual union, childbirth, burial ceremony etc